Cryptocurrency: EU neDutch Mutemo Wezvinhu zveRevolutionary Technology

ziviso

Kukura kwepasi rese uye kuwedzera mukurumbira kweiyo cryptocurrency kwaunza kumibvunzo pamusoro pezvakadzora zvinhu zvechiitiko chitsva chemari ichi. Virtual currencies ndeye chete digital uye yakarongeka kuburikidza netiweki inozivikanwa se blockchain, iri online ledger inochengetedza rekodhi yakachengeteka yekutengeserana kwega kwega munzvimbo imwechete. Hapana anodzora blockchain, nekuti aya cheni anotariswa pamakomputa ega ega ane chikwama cheBitcoin. Izvi zvinoreva kuti hapana kana imwechete institution inodzora network, izvo zvinongoreva kuti kuvepo kwenjodzi dzakawanda dzemari uye dzemutemo.

Blockchain Startups yakanamatira Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) senzira yekusimudza capital yepakutanga. ICO iripo inopihwa neayo iyo kambani inogona kutengesa madhinari kune veruzhinji kuitira kuti ibatsire mabasa uye isangane nezvimwe zvinangwa zvebhizinesi. [1] Zvakare ICOs hazvitongwe nemimwe mirau kana mahurumende mahurumende. Uku kushayikwa kwemutemo kwasimudza kunetseka pamusoro pengozi dzinogona kuitika dzinogona kuita mari. Nekuda kweizvozvo, kudzikama kwave kunetseka. Nehurombo, kana mushambadzi akarasikirwa mari panguva yekuita iyi, ivo havana maitiro akajeka ekuita kuti adzore mari yakarasika.

Cryptocurrency - EU neDutch Mutemo Wezvinhu zveRevolutionary Technology

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Virtual Mari yemari kuEuropean Level

Njodzi dzakabatana nekushandiswa kwemaoko emari dzinosimudza kudiwa kweEuropean Union pamwe nemasangano ayo ekutonga. Nekudaro, kudzora pamwero weEuropean Union kwakanyanya kuomarara, nekuda kwekushanduka kwemabatiro eEU maitiro uye anodzora kusapindirana mumatunhu enhengo.

Kana dziri dzazvino mari dzemari hadzifambisirwe kuEU-level uye hadzina kutariswa kana kutariswa nechero zviremera zveEU zveveruzhinji, kunyangwe kutora chikamu muzvirongwa izvi kunoisa pachena vashandisi kukwereta, kuverengera mari, kushanda uye kuita zvemutemo njodzi. Izvi zvinoreva kuti zviremera zvepasi rose zvinofanirwa kufunga nezvekuti vanonongedza kubvuma kana kurongedza uye kudzora cryptocurrency.

Virtual Currencies muNetherlands

Sekureva kweDutch Financial Supervision Act (FSA) mari yemagetsi inomiririra kukosha kwemari iyo inochengeterwa zvemagetsi kana kuti nemagineti. Mari iyi inokosheswa kuti ishandiswe mukubhadhara mari uye inogona kushandiswa kubhadhara kune mamwe mapato kupfuura iya yakapa mari yemagetsi. Virtual yemari haigoni kutsanangurwa semagetsi zvemagetsi, nekuti hazvisi zvese zvinodiwa pamutemo zvinosangana. Kana iyo cryptocurrency isingakwanisi kutsanangurwa zviri pamutemo semari kana yemagetsi zvemagetsi, seizvo zvinogona kutsanangurwa? Muchirevo cheDutch Financial Supervision Act cryptocurrency ingori nzvimbo yekuchinjana. Wese munhu ane rusununguko rwekuita mukutengeserana, saka mvumo muchimiro che rezinesi haidiwi. Gurukota rezvemari rakaratidza kuti kudzoreredzwa kwemutemo zviri pamutemo zvemagetsi zvemagetsi hazvisati zvichidikanwa, zvakapihwa chiyero chidiki che bitcoin, yakaderera yekugamuchirwa, uye hukama hushoma nehupfumi chaihwo. Akasimbisa kuti mutengi ndiye chete ane mhosva yekushandisa kwavo. [2]

Maererano nedare reDutch District (Overijssel) uye Gurukota reDutch mari irinani, senge Bitcoin, ine chinzvimbo chepakati chakatsinhaniswa. [4] Mukukwidza nyaya iyi Dare reDutch rakatarisa kuti bitcoins inogona kuve yakakodzera sezvinhu zvinotengeswa sekutaurwa kwazvino kuchinyorwa 7:36 DCC. Dare reDutch reDzimhosva rakataurawo kuti bitcoins haigone kuve yakakodzera seteti yepamutemo asi chete svikiro rekuchinjana. Mukupesana, European Court of Justice yakatonga kuti bitcoins inofanira kubatwa senzira yekubhadhara, zvisina kunongedza ichiti bitcoins yakafanana neremitemo yepamutemo. [5]

mhedziso

Nekuda kwekunetseka kunobatanidza kudzorwa kwemakristcheni, zvinogona kufungidzirwa kuti Dare reJustice reEU richazofanirwa kunge rakabatanidzwa mukujekeswa kwetemu. Kana ari maLungu Nyika dzanga dzasarudza kuchinjisa terminology zvakasiyana kubva kumutemo weEU, zvinonetsa zvinogona kumuka zvine chekuita nekududzirwa zvinoenderana nemutemo weEU. Kubva mumaonero aya, zvakafanira kukurudzira kune Nhengo dzeNyika kuti vatevedze mutemo weEU mutemo vachiri kuita mutemo mutemo wenyika.

Iyo yakakwana vhezheni yeiyi chena pepa inowanikwa kuburikidza iyi link.

udza mashoko

Kana iwe uine mibvunzo kana mhinduro mushure mekuverenga ichi chinyorwa, ndapota inzwa wakasununguka kubata mr. Maxim Hodak, Gweta-pa-mutemo pa Law & More via maxim.hodak@lawandmore.nl, or mr. Tom Meevis, attorney-at-law at Law & More via tom.meevis@lawandmore.nl, or call +31 (0)40-3690680.

[1] C. Bovaird, ICO vs. IPO: Chii Musiyano?, Bitcoin Market Journal september 2017.

[2] Iyo Financial Supervision Act, chikamu 1: 1

[3] Ministerie van Financiën, Beantwoording van kamervragen pamusoro pei het gebruik van en toezicht op nieuwe digitale betaalmiddelen zoals de bitcoin, Nyamavhuvhu 2013.

[4] ECLI: NL: RBOVE: 2014: 2667.

[5] ECLI: EU: C: 2015: 718.

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