Email kero uye chiyero cheGDPR. General Data Dziviriro Mutemo

Pane 25th yaMay, iyo General Data Dziviriro Regulation (GDPR) ichaita basa. Nekuiswa kweGDPR, kuchengetedzwa kwe data rako pachako kuri kuwedzera kukosha. Makambani anofanirwa kufunga nezve yakawanda uye yakasimba mitemo maererano nedziviriro. Nekudaro, mibvunzo yakasiyana siyana inomuka semhedzisiro yekuiswa kweGDPR. Kune makambani, zvinogona kunge zvisingajekesi kuti ndedzipi data dzinofungidzirwa kuti dha data uye inowira pasi peiyo chiyero cheGDPR. Izvi ndizvo zvakaitika kune email kero: kero ye-e-mail inoonekwa seyako data? Ko makambani anoshandisa email kero anoenderana neGDPR? Iyi mibvunzo ichapindurwa mune ino nyaya.

Dunhu rega

Kuti upindure mubvunzo wekuti kana kwete email kero inoonekwa seyako data, izwi rinoti rako data rinoda kutsanangurwa. Izwi iri rinotsanangurwa muGDPR. Kubva pane chinyorwa 4 sub GDPR, data rako pachako rinoreva chero ruzivo rune chekuita nemunhu akazivikanwa kana anozivikanwa. Munhu anozivikanwa wechisikigo munhu anogona kuzivikanwa, zvakananga kana zvisina kunanga, zvichinyanya kutaura nezvekuzivikanwa senge izita, nhamba yekuzivikanwa, dhata yenzvimbo kana chinongedzera chepamhepo. Yako data inoreva kune yakasikwa vanhu. Naizvozvo, ruzivo pamusoro pevanhu vakafa kana masangano epamutemo haatariswe se data pachako.

Email kero uye chiyero cheGDPR

Chikero chetsamba yemumhepo

Now that the definition of personal data is determined, it needs to be assed if an email address is considered to be personal data. Dutch case law indicates that email addresses could possibly be personal data, but that this is not always the case. It depends whether or not a natural person is identified or identifiable based on the email address.[1] The way persons have structured their email addresses has to be taken into account in order to determine whether the email address can be seen as personal data or not. A lot of natural persons structure their email address in such a way that the address has to be considered personal data. This is for example the case when an email address is structured in the following way: firstname.lastname@gmail.com. This email address exposes the first and last name of the natural person that uses the address. Therefore, this person can be identified based on this email address. Email addresses that are used for business activities could also contain personal data. This is the case when an e-mail address is structured in the following way: initials.lastname@nameofcompany.com. From this email address can be derived what the initials of the person using the email address are, what his last name is and where this person works. Therefore, the person using this email address is identifiable based on the email address.

An email address is not considered to be personal data when no natural person can be identified from it. This is the case when for example the following email address is used: puppy12@hotmail.com. This email address does not contain any data from which a natural person can be identified. General email addresses that are used by companies, like info@nameofcompany.com, are also not considered to be personal data. This email address does not contain any personal information from which a natural person can be identified. Moreover, the email address is not used by a natural person, but by a legal entity. Therefore, it is not considered to be personal data. From Dutch case law can be concluded that email addresses can be personal data, but this is not always the case; it depends of the structure of the email address.

Pane mukana mukuru wekuti vanhu venyama vanogona kuzivikanwa nekero ye email yavari kushandisa, inoitisa email kero yemunhu data. Kuti uverenge kirasi email kero se data pachako, hazvina basa kana kambani ichinyatsoshandisa kero dzeemail kuti vaone vashandisi. Kunyangwe kana kambani ikasashandisa email kero nechinangwa chekuratidza vanhu vakasikwa, email kero kubva kunoonekwa vanhu venyama vachiri kutariswa se data pachako. Haisi yega yega yehunyanzvi kana yakabatana yakabatana pakati pemunhu nedata yakakwana kuitira kuti asarudze iyo data seyako data. Asi, kana mukana uripo wekuti email kero dzinogona kushandiswa kuitira kuti vaone vashandisi, semuenzaniso kuona zviitiko zvekubiridzira, email kero inoonekwa seyako data. Mune izvi, hazvina basa kuti kana kambani yakarongedzerwa kushandisa email kero nekuda kweichi chinangwa. Mutemo unotaura nezve data pachako kana mukana uripo wekuti data rinogona kushandiswa nechinangwa chinoratidza munhu wechisikigo. [2]

Yakakosha yako data

Nepo email kero inoonekwa seyako data kazhinji yenguva, haisi yakakosha data rako. Ruzivo rwakakosha rwemunhu data data rinoratidza dzinza kana dzinza, mafungiro ezvematongerwo enyika, zvechitendero kana huzivi kana nhengo yekutengeserana, uye genetic kana biometric data. Izvi zvinotorwa kubva kuchinyorwa 9 GDPR. Zvakare, kero yeemail ine ruzivo ruzhinji rwevanhu pane semuenzaniso kero yepamba. Zvakanyanya kuoma kuwana ruzivo rweumwe munhu kero yeemail pane kero yake yepamusha uye zvinoenderana nechikamu chakakura pane mushandisi wekero yeemail kana kaya email kero inoitwa pachena. Uyezve, kuwanikwa kwe email kero iyo yaifanira kunge yakagara yakavanzika, ine zvishoma zvakakomba mhedzisiro pane kuwanikwa kero yepamba iyo yaifanira kunge yakagara yakavanzika. Zviri nyore kuchinja kero yeemail pane kero yekumba uye kuwanikwa kwema email kero kunogona kutungamira kudhijitari, nepo kuwanikwa kwekero repamba kunogona kutungamira kune wega kutaurirana. [3]

Kugadziriswa kwedata rako pachako

Isu takaratidza kuti email kero inoonekwa seyako data nguva zhinji. Nekudaro, iyo GDPR inongoshanda kumakambani arikugadzirisa data rako. Kugadziriswa kwe data rako pachako kune chero chiitiko chine chekuita neako data. Izvi zvinotsanangurwa zvakare muGDPR. Zvinoenderana nechinyorwa 4 sub 2 GDPR, kugadzirisa kwega data data kunoreva chero kushanda kunoitwa pane yega data, kungave kana kusazviita nenzira dzega. Mienzaniso ndeyekuunganidza, kurekodha, kuronga, kuronga, kuchengetedza uye kushandisa kwega data. Kana makambani anoita izvi zvambotaurwa nezvayo maererano nekero dzeemail, ivo vari kugadzirisa yavo pachako data. Mune izvo, ivo vari pasi peGDPR.

mhedziso

Haasi ese e-mail kero inoonekwa seyako data. Nekudaro, email kero inoonekwa seyako data kana ichipa ruzivo runozivikanwa nezve munhu chaiye. Yakawanda ma email kero yakarongedzwa nenzira iyo munhu wepanyama anoshandisa email kero inogona kuzivikanwa. Izvi ndizvo zvakaitika apo kero yeemail ine zita kana nzvimbo yebasa yemunhu wechisikigo. Naizvozvo, yakawanda email kero inozotorwa seyako data. Izvo zvakaoma kune makambani kuita mutsauko pakati peemail kero inoonekwa seyako data uye email kero izvo zvisipo, sezvo izvi zvichienderana zvachose nekuumbwa kwe email kero. Nekudaro, zvakachengeteka kutaura kuti makambani anogadzira data rako pachako, anouya kuzosangana email kero dzinoonekwa seyako data. Izvi zvinoreva kuti makambani aya ari pasi peGDPR uye anofanirwa kushandisa mutemo wekuvanzika unoenderana neGDPR.

[1] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

[2] Kamerstukken II 1979/80, 25 892, 3 (MvT).

[3] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

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