Mafenzi akanaka anoita zvakanaka vavakidzani - maitiro ehurumende kune cybercrime uye kukura kwehunyanzvi neInternet

ziviso

Vamwe vako vangangoziva kuti sembowo yekushambadzira ini ndinoburitsa mabhuku mududziro kubva kuEast European mitauro kuenda kuChirungu neDutch - http://www.glagoslav.com. Rimwe remabhuku angu achangoburwa ibhuku rakanyorwa negweta rakakurumbira reRussia Anatoly Kucherena, anga achigadzirisa nyaya yaBlackden kuRussia. Munyori anyora bhuku rakavakirwa pachokwadi nyaya yemutengi wake Edward Snowden - Nguva yeOctopus, inova ndiyo hwaro hwegwaro remufirimu richangoburitswa muHollywood "Snowden" inotungamirwa naOli St Stone ane mukurumbira wefirimu reU.S.

Edward Snowden anozivikanwa zvakanyanya nekuridza muridzo, achitora ruzivo rwakawanda pachivande nezve "zviitiko zvezviitiko" zveCIA, NSA neGGQ kumunyori. Iyo bhaisikopo pakati pevamwe inoratidza kushandiswa kweiyo 'PRISM' chirongwa, kuburikidza neiyo NSA inogona kudzora nhare padanho rakakura uye pasina kumberi, mvumo yemutongi. Vanhu vazhinji vanozoona zviitwa izvi zvichisvika kubviswa uye vanozvirondedzera sekuratidzwa kwezviitiko zveAmerica. Chokwadi chepamutemo chatinorarama chinoratidza zvinopesana. Izvo zvisingazivikanwe nevakawanda ndezvkuti mamiriro akafanana anogona kuitika kakawanda kupfuura zvaunofunga. Kunyangwe muNetherlands. Sezvingabvumwa, muna Zvita 20, 2016 iyo Dzimba yeVamiriri yakapa mutemo wekuvanzika unozivikanwa "Computercriminaliteit III" ("Cybercrime III").

Computercriminaliteit III

Bhiri Computercriminaliteit III, iro richiri kuda kupfuurwa neDutch Seneti uye iro vazhinji vanoto namata nekuda kwekukundikana, rinoreva kupa mapurisa ekuferefeta (mapurisa, Royal Constabulary uye kunyangwe nyanzvi dzekuferefeta dzakadai seFIOD) kugona ongorora (kureva kopi, tarisa, tambidza uye gadzira ruzivo rwusingawanikwe pa) 'otomatiki mashandiro' kana 'zvigadzirwa zvemakomputa' (for the layman. Zvinoenderana nehurumende zvakaratidza kuti zvakapa mukana kupa mapurisa ekuongorora kugona - nekunyatsoisa - kusheedza vagari vemo sezvo nguva dzemazuva ano zvakakonzera kuti kuparwa kwemhosva kusawonekwe nekuda kwekuwedzera kusazivikanwa kwedhijitari nekuvhara kwedata. Rondedzero yekutsanangurwa yakaburitswa ine chekuita nezve bhaisikopo, iri rakaoma kuverenga-rakaoma mapeji 114, rakarondedzerwa shanu pazvikonzero zvinogona kushandiswa masimba ekuongorora:

  • Kugadzwa nekutora kwehumwe hwenongedzero yeyakashandisirwa komputa kana yemushandisi, senge kuzivikanwa kana nzvimbo: zvakanyanyisa, izvi zvinoreva kuti mapurisa ekuferefeta anogona kuwana muchivande makomputa, ma-routers uye nharembozha kuti awane ruzivo rwakadai sederesi IP kana IMEI nhamba.
  • Iko kurekodha kwe data rakachengetwa mumushini wekombuta: mapurisa anoongorora anganyore data rinodiwa kuitira kuti 'asimbise chokwadi' uye kugadzirisa mhosva yakakura. Mumwe anogona kufunga nezve kunyorwa kwemifananidzo yemifananidzo yevana zvinonyadzisira uye zvinyorwa zvekuisa munharaunda dzakavharwa.
  • Kuita kuti data isakwanise: zvinokwanisika kuita data iyo mhosva yaakapiwa isingawanikwe kuitira kuti apedze iyo mhosva kana kudzivirira mhosva dzinouya. Zvinoenderana nerondedzero yekutsanangudza, inofanira nenzira iyi kurwisa mabhandets.
  • Kuitwa kwe warandi yekukanganisa uye kurekodha kwe (zvakavanzika) kutaurirana: pasi pemamwe mamiriro ezvinhu zvinokwanisika kukanganisa uye kurekodha (zvakavanzika) ruzivo neinhi kana pasina kushandira pamwe kweanopa webasa rekutaurirana.
  • Kuitwa kwe waranti yekunyatso tarisa: mapurisa anoongorora anowana kugona kusimudzira nzvimbo uye kuongorora mafambiro emuchuchisi, pamwe nekuisa kure kure software pane yakashandisirwa komputa.

Vanhu vanotenda kuti masimba aya anogona chete kushandiswa kana cybercrime ichanyadziswa. Iwo masimba ekuongorora sezvakataurwa pasi pekutanga neyekupedzisira mapoinzi maviri sezvakatsanangurwa pamusoro apa, anogona kushandiswa kana mhosva dzavabvumirwa kuvharirwa, dzinozopara mhosva dzaanotemerwa mutongo wemakore mana. Masimba ekutsvagisa akabatanidzwa kune wechipiri uye wechitatu chinangwa chinogona chete kushandiswa kana paine mhosva uko mutemo unoisa mutongo wakashoma wemakore masere. Pamusoro pezvo, rairo yakavanzika mukanzuru inogona kuratidza mhosva, inoitwa uchishandisa otomatiki mashandiro ayo izvo zvakakosha pachena munharaunda kuti mhosva ipere uye vanopomerwa vanomhan'arwa. Neraki, kupinza kwemasaini mashandiro kunogona kungobvumidzwa chete kana musaka achishandisa chishandiso.

Zvepamutemo zvikamu

Sezvo nzira inoenda kugehena yakavharwa nevavariro dzakanaka, kutarisisa kwakanaka hakutomborina kupusa. Simba rekuongorora rakapihwa nebumbiro rinogona kuitwa muchivande, asi chikumbiro chekushandisa kwechinhu chakadai chinogona kuitwa chete nemuchuchisi. Pamberi pemvumo yekutonga kwevatongi inodikanwa inodikanwa uye "Centrale Toetsingscommissie" yePublic Prosecution department inoongorora mashandisiro akaitwa chiridzwa. Pamusoro pezvo, uye sezvambotaurwa, pane chinorambidzwa kushandiswa kwemasimba kumatsotsi nemutongo wakaderera wemakore mana kana masere. Chero zvazvingaitika, zvinodiwa zvehupamhi uye kudyidzana kunofanira kuzadzikiswa, pamwe nezvinodiwa uye zvinoenderana nemitemo.

Zvimwe zviitiko zvitsva

Iyo inonyanya kukosha chikamu chebhodhi Computercriminaliteit III ikozvino yakurukurwa. Ini ndakatoona kuti vazhinji vezvenhau, mukuchema kwavo kwekutambudzika, kanganwa kukurukura maviri akakosha nyaya dzebhiri. Chekutanga ndechekuti bhajeti racho richasvitsawo mukana wekushandisa 'nyambo dzevechiri kuyaruka' kuti vatevedzere 'varidzi vechikomba'. Zvikomba zvinogona kuonwa seyadhijitari yevanoda vakomana; digitally kutsvaga kurara pabonde nevana. Uyezve, zvichawedzera nyore kupomhodza vanogamuchira data rakabiwa nevatengesi vehutsinye avo vanorega kuendesa zvinhu kana masevhisi avanopa online.

Zvinopesana kune bhajeti Computercriminaliteit III

Mutemo wakatsanangurwa uyu unokwanisa kupa hukuru hwekuvanzika kwevaDutch. Kukura kwemutemo kwakakura kusingaperi. Ini ndinogona kufunga nezvezvakawanda zvinopokana, kusarudzwa kwacho kunosanganisira chokwadi chekuti kana uchitarisa kumisikidzwa yezvikanganiso nemutongo wakaderera wemakore mana, munhu anobva afungidzira kuti izvi zvimwe zvinomiririra muganho wakanaka uye kuti zvinogara zvichisanganisira mhosva idzo risingaregererwi zvakaomarara. Nekudaro, munhu anopinda nemaune muwanano yechipiri uye aramba kuudza mumwe wake, anogona kutongerwa makore matanhatu. Uyezve, zvinogona kuva izvo zvakaitika kuti munhu anofungidzira pakupedzisira anozova asina mhosva. Kwete chete chake chake ruzivo rwakadaro rwakanyatso kuongororwa, asi pamwe ruzivo rwevamwe rwusina chekuita nemhosva yekupedzisira-isina-kuparwa. Mushure mezvose, makomputa nemafoni ari 'par kugona' ari kushandiswa kubata shamwari, mhuri, vashandirwi nevamwe vasingaverengeki. Pamusoro pezvo, zvine mubvunzo kana vanhu vanoita basa rekubvumidza uye kutarisa kwezvikumbiro zvichibva pabhajari vane ruzivo rwakakwana kuti vakwanise kukumbira chikumbiro. Asi, mutemo wakadai unenge wakaita souipi hwakakodzera muzuva ranhasi. Anenge munhu wese aimbove nehutachiona hweInternet uye kushushikana kunowanzo kumhanyisa kwazvo kana munhu atenga tikiti renhema pamusika wepamhepo. Uyezve, hapana munhu angazombotarisira kuti mwana wake anosangana neffy nhamba panguva yekuongorora kwake kwemazuva ese. Mubvunzo unosara kuti iro bumbiro Computercriminaliteit III, pamwe nemikana yakafara, ndiyo nzira yekuenda.

mhedziso

Iyo bumbiro Computercriminaliteit III inoita kunge yaita imwe inodikanwa yakaipa. Bhiri iri rinopa zviremera zvekuferefeta zvine huwandu hwakawanda hwesimba rekuwana mukana wekuita mabasa emakomputa evanofungidzirwa. Kusiyana nenyaya iri muChitambara-kufambidzana iro bhajeti rinopa zvakanyanya kuchengetedzwa zvakanyanya. Nekudaro, zvichiri kusava nechokwadi kana idzi dziviriro dzakakwanira kudzivirira kusapinda kwakawanda kwekuvanzika kwevagari veDutch uye mune mamiriro ezvinhu akaipisisa ekudzivirira "Snowden 2.0" -yefa kuitika.

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