Kurambana kwepasi rose

Yaimbove tsika kuroora munhu werudzi rwumwe chete kana wekwavakabva. Mazuva ano, michato pakati pevanhu vemarudzi akasiyana siyana iri kuwanda. Nehurombo, 40% yemichato muNetherlands inoguma pakurambana. Izvi zvinoshanda sei kana munhu achigara kune imwe nyika isiri iyo yavakapinda muwanano?

Kurambana kwepasi rose

Kuita chikumbiro mukati meEU

Mutemo (EC) Kwete 2201/2003 (kana: Brussels II bis) yanga ichishanda kune ese nyika dziri mukati meEU kubva 1 Kurume 2015. Inotonga masimba, kuzivikanwa uye kumisikidzwa kwemitongo munhau dzemuchato uye mutoro wevabereki. Mitemo yeEU inoshanda kurambana, kupatsanurwa zviri pamutemo uye kubviswa kwewanano. Mukati meEU, chikumbiro chekurambana chinogona kuiswa munyika umo dare rine masimba. Dare rine masimba munyika:

  • Iko kune vaviri vakaroorana vane tsika yekugara.
  • Pakati pavo vaviri vakaroorana ndevemunyika.
  • Iko kurambana kunoshandiswa pamwe chete.
  • Uko mumwe wako anonyorera kurambana uye mumwe wacho anogara achigara.
  • Iko mumwe wako anga achigara kugara kweinenge mwedzi mitanhatu uye ari wenyika yenyika. Kana iye asiri wenyika, chikumbiro chinogona kuendeswa kana munhu uyu akagara munyika kwegore rimwe chete.
  • Uko mumwe wevadyidzana akapedzisira kugara achigara uye panogara mumwe wevako.

Mukati meEU, dare rinotanga kugashira chikumbiro chekurambana rinozadzisa zviga zvine masimba ekutonga pamusoro pekurambana. Dare rinodoma kurambana rinogona zvakare kusarudza pamusoro pekuchengetwa kwevabereki kwevana vanogara munyika yedare. Mitemo yeEU pamusoro pekurambana haishande kuDenmark nekuti iyo Brussels II bis Regulation haina kugamuchirwa ipapo.

MuNetherlands

Kana vaviri vacho vasingagare muNetherlands, zvinongobvira kurambana muNetherlands kana vaviri vacho vaine nyika yeDutch. Kana iyi isiri iyo nyaya, dare reDutch rinogona kuzvizivisa richikwanisa pasi pemamiriro akakosha, semuenzaniso kana zvisingaiti kurambana kunze kwenyika. Kunyangwe kana vaviri vacho vakaroora kunze kwenyika, vanogona kunyorera kurambana muNetherlands. Mamiriro acho ndeyekuti muchato wakanyoreswa kuhurumende kunyoreswa kwenzvimbo yekugara muNetherlands. Mhedzisiro yekurambana inogona kunge yakasiyana kunze kwenyika. Chirevo chekurambana chinobva munyika yeEU chinobva chaonekwa nedzimwe nyika dzeEU. Kunze kweEU izvi zvinogona kuve zvakasiyana zvakanyanya.

Kurambana kunogona kuva nemhedzisiro kune chinzvimbo chekugara kwemumwe munhu muNetherlands. Kana mumwe wako aine mvumo yekugara nekuti aigara nemumwe wake kuNetherlands, zvakakosha kuti anyore tsamba yemvumo yekugara pasi pemamiriro akasiyana. Kana izvi zvikasaitika, mvumo yekugara inogona kubviswa.

Ndeupi mutemo unoshanda?

Mutemo wenyika uyo waiswa chikumbiro chekurambana haufanirwe kushanda pakurambana. Dare rinogona kunge richishandisa mutemo wekunze. Izvi zvinoitika kazhinji muNetherlands. Pachikamu chega chega chemhosva chinofanirwa kuongororwa kuti dare rine masimba here uye kuti ndeupi mutemo unofanirwa kushandiswa. Yakavanzika mutemo wepasirese unoita basa rakakosha mune izvi. Uyu mutemo izita remuraira wenzvimbo dzemitemo mune dzinopfuura nyika imwe inobatanidzwa. Pa 1 Ndira 2012, Bhuku 10 reDutch Civil Code rakatanga kushanda muNetherlands. Izvi zvine mitemo yemutemo wepachivande wepasi rese. Mutemo mukuru ndewekuti dare muNetherlands rinoshandisa mutemo weDutch wekurambana, zvisinei nenyika uye nzvimbo yekugara yevakaroora. Izvi zvakasiyana apo vaviri vacho vakaita kuti sarudzo yavo yemutemo inyore. Vakaroorana vanobva vasarudza mutemo unoshanda pamatanho avo ekurambana. Izvi zvinogona kuitwa musati muchato wapinda, asi zvinogona zvakare kuitwa mune inotevera nhanho. Izvi zvinokwanisika kana iwe wave kuda kurambana.

Murau pamatare epfuma yemuchato

Kune michato yakatenderwa kana kana mushure me29 Ndira 2019, Mutemo (EU) Kwete 2016/1103 uchashanda. Iyi mirawo inodzora mutemo unoshanda uye kumanikidzwa kwesarudzo munhau dzehutongi hwehupfumi hwemhuri. Mitemo inoisa pasi inozivisa kuti ndeapi matare angatonge pane zvivakwa zvevakaroora (masimba), ndeupi mutemo unoshanda (kupokana kwemitemo) uye kana mutongo wakapihwa nedare reimwe nyika unozikanwa nekumanikidzwa neimwe (kuziva nekusimbisa). Mukutaura, dare rimwechetero richine masimba maererano nemitemo yeBrussels IIa Regulation. Kana pasina sarudzo yemutemo yakaitwa, mutemo weHurumende uko vakaroorana vane pekugara kwavo kwese kwekutanga uchashanda. Mukushayikwa kwenzvimbo yakajairika yekugara, mutemo weHurumende yenyika yevaviri vakaroorana uchashanda. Kana vaviri vacho vasina nyika imwechete, mutemo weHurumende une vakaroorana vane hukama hwepedyo hunoshanda.

Iwo mutemo saka unongoshanda chete kune yemhuri imba. Mitemo inoona kana mutemo wechiDutch, uye nekudaro nharaunda yakajairika yezvivakwa kana nharaunda yakatemwa yepfuma kana hurongwa hwekunze, inofanira kushandiswa Izvi zvinogona kuve nemhedzisiro yakawanda kune yako zvinhu. Saka zvine hungwaru kutsvaga zano rezvemitemo, semuenzaniso, sarudzo yemutemo chibvumirano.

Kune mazano usati waroora kana kuroorwa kana kubatsirwa kana paine kurambana, unogona kubata magweta emhuri e Law & More. At Law & More isu tinonzwisisa kuti kurambana uye zviitiko zvinotevera zvinogona kuve nemhedzisiro inosvika paupenyu hwako. Ndicho chikonzero nei tichitora nzira yedu pachedu. Tese pamwe newe uye pamwe waimbova mudiwa wako, tinogona kuona mamiriro ako epamutemo panguva yekubvunzurudzwa pahwaro hwezvinyorwa uye kuyedza kunyora chiono chako kana zvishuwo. Uye zvakare, isu tinogona kukubatsira iwe mune inogona kuita maitiro. Magweta pa Law & More Nyanzvi mune zvemutemo wega uye zvemhuri uye vanofara kukutungamira, pamwe pamwe nemumwe wako, nenzira yekurambana.

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