Kuzivikanwa uye kumanikidzwa kwekunze kutonga muNetherlands

Mutongo unopihwa kunze kwenyika ungazivikanwa uye / kana kumanikidzwa muNetherlands? Uyu mubvunzo unowanzo bvunzwa mukuita zviri pamutemo uyo unogara uchibata nemapato epasi rose nemakakatanwa. Mhinduro kumubvunzo uyu haisi yakajeka. Dzidziso yekucherechedzwa uye kumanikidzwa kwekutongwa kwekune dzimwe nyika kwakanyanyisa kuomarara nekuda kwemitemo nemirau. Iyi blog inopa tsananguro pfupi yemitemo inoshanda nemirau mune mamiriro ekucherechedzwa kwekumanikidza kwekutongwa kwekunze muNetherlands. Kubva pane izvo, iwo mubvunzo uri pamusoro uchapindurwa mune ino blog.

Kuzivikanwa uye kumanikidzwa kwekunze kutonga muNetherlands

Kana zvasvika pakucherechedzwa nekusimbiswa kwemitongo yekunze, Chinyorwa 431 cheCode of Civil Procedure (DCCP) chiri pakati muNetherlands. Izvi zvinoratidza zvinotevera:

'1. Zvichienderana nezvakapihwa Zvinyorwa 985-994, kana sarudzo dzakapihwa nematare ekunze kana zviridzwa zvechokwadi zvakagadzirwa kunze kweNetherlands zvinogona kumanikidzwa muNetherlands.

2. Mhosva dzinogona kutongwa dzogadziriswa zvakare mudare reDutch. '

Chinyorwa 431 ndima 1 DCCP - kutevedzera mutongo wekunze

Ndima yekutanga yeunyanzvi. 431 DCCP inobata nekumanikidza kwekutongwa kwekunze uye zvakajeka: musimboti wekutanga ndeyekuti kutonga kwekune dzimwe nyika hakugone kumanikidzwa muNetherlands. Nekudaro, iyo yekutanga ndima yechinyorwa chataurwa pamusoro inoenderera mberi uye ichipa kuti kune zvakare kusiyaniswa kune yakakosha musimboti, kureva mumatare anopihwa muZvinyorwa 985-994 DCCP.

Zvinyorwa 985-994 DCCP zvine mitemo yakajairika yemaitiro ekumisikidzwa kwemazita ekumanikidza akagadzirwa kune dzimwe nyika. Iyi mitemo yakajairika, inozivikanwawo seyetsika maitiro, inoshanda zvinoenderana neChinyorwa 985 (1) DCCP chete muchiitiko chekuti 'danho rakapihwa nedare reNyika yekune imwe nyika rinomanikidzirwa muNetherlands kubudikidza nechibvumirano kana nekuda mutemo'.

PaEuropean (EU) nhanho, semuenzaniso, inotevera mirau inokodzera iripo mune ino mamiriro:

  • Mutemo weEEX paInternational Civil uye Zvekutengesa Matambudziko
  • Mutemo weIbis paDzidziso Dzepasi Pose uye Basa revabereki
  • Alimony Mutemo paInternational Yevacheche neKuroora Kugadziriswa
  • Matrimonial Property Mutemo Mutemo paInternational Matrimonial Property Mutemo
  • Kudyidzana Mutemo paInternational Kubatana Pfuma Mutemo
  • Nhaka Ordinance paMutemo Wenyika Dzakateedzana

Kana mutongo wekunze unomanikidzirwa muNetherlands kuburikidza nemutemo kana chibvumirano, chisarudzo ichocho hachiite zvoga gadziriro inomanikidzirwa, kuitira kuti ikwanise kumanikidzwa. Kusvika pano, dare reDutch rinofanira kutanga rakumbirwa kuti ripe mvumo yekumanikidza yakatsanangurwa muChinyorwa 985 DCCP. Izvi hazvireve kuti nyaya yacho ichaongororwazve. Izvo hazvisizvo, maererano nechinyorwa 985 Rv. Iko kune, zvisinei, zviyero zvinoitwa nedare redzimhosva kuona kana zororo richapihwa. Iwo chaiwo maitiro anotsanangurwa mumutemo kana chibvumirano pahwaro hwekuti sarudzo inokwenenzverwa.

Chinyorwa 431 chidimbu 2 DCCP - kucherechedzwa kwemutongo wekunze

Muchiitiko chekuti hapana chibvumirano chekumanikidza pakati peNetherlands nenyika dzekunze, mutongo wekunze kunoenderana nehunyanzvi. 431 ndima 1 DCCP muNetherlands haina kukodzera kuteedzerwa. Muenzaniso weiyi mutongo weRussia. Mushure mezvose, hapana chibvumirano pakati peHumambo hweNetherlands neRussia Federation inodzora kubvumirana pamwe nekumanikidza kwekutonga munhau dzezvematongerwo enyika nekutengeserana.

Kana bato zvakadaro richishuvira kuteedzera mutongo wekunze usingamanikidzwe nekuda kwechibvumirano kana mutemo, Chinyorwa 431 ndima 2 DCCP inopa imwe sarudzo. Chikamu chechipiri cheChinyorwa 431 DCCP chinopa kuti bato, rakanakira mutongo wakaziviswa mudare rekunze, rinogona kuunza mafambisirwo acho zvakare pamberi pedare reDutch, kuti riwane sarudzo yakafanana inogona kumanikidzwa. Ichokwadi chekuti dare rekunze ratotonga pagakava rimwechetero haridzivise gakava iri kuunzwa pamberi pedare reDutch zvakare.

Muchiitiko ichi chitsva zvichiteerana neChinyorwa 431, ndima 2 DCCP, dare reDutch 'richaongorora mune imwe neimwe nyaya kuti uye nesimba rinofanirwa kupihwa mutongo wekunze' (HR 14 Mbudzi 1924, NJ 1925, Bontmantel). Iwo musimboti wepano apa ndewekuti mutongo wekunze (uyo wawana simba re res judicata) unozivikanwa muNetherlands kana zvinotevera zvidiki zvakagadziriswa mukutongwa kweDare Repamusorosoro remusi wa26 Gunyana 2014 (ECLI: NL: HR: 2014: 2838, Gazprombank) yapera:

  1. simba redare rakapa mutongo wekunze rinogara pasi pehutongi hunowanzo gamuchirwa nemitemo yenyika;
  2. mutongo wekunze wakasvitswa munzira yekutonga inosangana nezvinodiwa mukutongwa kwemutemo uye nevimbiso dzakaringana;
  3. kuzivikanwa kwekutongwa kwekunze hakupesane nerunyararo rwevanhu veDutch;
  4. hapana mubvunzo wemamiriro ezvinhu umo mutongo wekunze usingapindirane nesarudzo yedare reDutch rakapihwa pakati pemapato, kana nechisarudzo chakapfuura chedare rekunze rakapihwa pakati pemapato akafanana mugakava zvine chekuita nenyaya imwechete uye yakavakirwa pachikonzero chimwe chete.

Kana izvo zvataurwa pamusoro zvasangana, kugadziriswa kwenyaya yacho hakugone kutorwa uye dare reDutch rinogona kukwana nekutongwa kweimwe bato kune iyo iyo yaive yatotongerwa mutongo wekunze. Ndokumbira utarise kuti mune ino sisitimu, yakagadziriswa mune mutemo mutemo, mutongo wekunze hauna kuziviswa 'unomanikidzirwa', asi kutongwa kutsva kunopihwa mutongo weDutch unoenderana nekutongwa mukutongwa kwekunze.

Kana zvimiro a) kusvika d) zvisati zvasangana, zvirimo zvemhosva zvichiri kufanira kugadziriswa nedare zvakanyanya. Kunyangwe uye uye, kana zvirizvo, hupi hunhu hunofanirwa kupihwa mutongo wekunze (usina kukodzera kuzivikanwa) wakasiyiwa mukufunga kwemutongi. Izvo zvinoratidzika kubva pamutemo wenyaya kuti kana zvasvika kune mamiriro ehurongwa hweveruzhinji, dare reDutch rinosungira kukosha kuchisimba chekodzero yekunzwikwa. Izvi zvinoreva kuti kana mutongo wekunze wakaitwa mukutyora mutemo uyu, kuzivikanwa kwawo kunogona kunge kuchipesana nemutemo weveruzhinji.

Iwe unobatanidzwa mumakakatanwa epamutemo epasi rese, uye unoda here kuti kutonga kwako kwekune dzimwe nyika kuonekwe kana kumanikidzwa muNetherlands? Ndapota taura Law & More. At Law & More, tinonzwisisa kuti makakatanwa epamutemo epasi rose akaomarara uye anogona kuve nemhedzisiro inosvika kumapati. Ndokusaka Law & More'' Magweta anoshandisa nzira yemunhu, asi yakakwana. Pamwe chete newe, ivo vanoongorora mamiriro ako uye vanotsanangura matanho anotevera achatorwa. Kana zvichidikanwa, magweta edu, ayo ari nyanzvi mune zvemutemo wepasi rese uye maitiro, vanofarawo kukubatsira mune chero kupihwa kuzivikanwa kana kuteedzera maitiro.

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